Sarah K. Lageman, Ph.D., from the Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA Speaking at the Montreal 2013 World Parkinson’s Conference, presented an abstract of a program she developed with her colleagues that helps people with PARKINSON’S DISEASE enhance their memory and improve their problem solving skills. Cognitive impairment is one of the biggest obstacles to independent living faced by people with PARKINSON’S DISEASE. In this small study, participants met once a week and learned practical techniques to help their memory, such as writing in a memory book and using a calendar along with problem solving steps. They also were part of a support group that was client centered where they could share their frustrations and techniques. Although the numbers in this study are small, the improvements have been large. “If a neurocognitive program can help keep people functioning better at least for a couple of years, that’s a benefit”, said Dr. Lageman.
Mood and Sociability Presented at the 2013 Parkinson’s World Conference
Susan Spear Bassett, Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins spoke at her poster presentation about depression and social involvement in PARKINSON’S DISEASE. She and her colleagues conducted a study with 101 people with PARKINSON’S DISEASE who did not have dementia to examine the changes in social function caused by the disease. They found that cognitive impairments along with depression contributed more to social withdrawal than the motor or movement symptoms of PARKINSON’S DISEASE. Depression, loss of verbal skills and loss of fine motor skills all contributed to loss of social function, but management of depression did more to improve the quality of life and help social involvement.
Falls, Cognition and Gait Presented at the 2013 Parkinson’s World Conference
What are the factors that increase the likelihood that people newly diagnosed with PARKINSON’S DISEASE will fall frequently? Lynn Rochester, Ph.D. and her team enrolled 94 newly diagnosed people with PARKINSON’S who had never fallen. and followed them for a year. They wanted to know why some people fall more frequently than others. Subjects were asked to keep a diary of their falls and underwent testing in several domains over the course of the study. Findings showed that gait was of major importance. Step time, speed, and distance of steps as well as the thinking about walking were major predictors of falling. People who had fallen several times also had less confidence in their ability. Measurement scales included the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale, and the Postural Instability and Gait Disorder that is a sub-scale of the UPDRS, the Hoehn and Yahr Progression Scale, Strength ratings and several cognitive testing scales. Work for this abstract was done at Newcastle University in Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
Parkinson Research Foundation’s Parkinson Place
Parkinson Place started in September of 2012 has implemented many of the programs discussed at Montreal and more! If you want to get a taste of what is going on at Parkinson Place please visit the website www.parkinsonplace.org. The mission of the Parkinson Research Foundation is to assist in finding a cure for Parkinson’s disease and improving the lives of those living with the disease right now. Parkinson Place is a Pilot project that has proved very successful creating a one stop shop for everything you need to live well with Parkinson’s. Many support groups are now starting a “place” of their own using the format and videos from the site. Come see why we are smiling at Parkinson Place!
All abstracts are from the World Parkinson Congress, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
3. Gaina, B. et al “motor, cognitive and affective characteristics of new fallers compared to non-fallers in an incident cohort of Parkinson’s disease” WPC 2013 Abstract 13:05
2. Bassett, S. et al, “Impact of Parkinson’s disease on social role function: multifaceted disability” WPC 2013
1. Lageman, S. et al; “Initial Results of a randomized clinical trial comparing a neurocognitive intervention to supportive therapy in individuals with Parkinson’s disease” WPC 2013; Abstract 15:11